Magawa, whose official job title is "HeroRAT," works with APOPO, a Belgian organization that trains rats to find land mines. It's estimated that 4 to 6 million land mines were laid in Cambodia since the 1970s, with at least 3 million still unaccounted for.Accidentally triggered land mines have caused 64,000 casualties in the country, according to the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals, and the country has the highest number of mine amputees per capita in the world, with more than 40,000 people having lost limbs to unexploded devices. APOPO also operates in Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.Magawa uses his sense of smell to find land mines, following the scent of the chemicals used to build the device. Once he detects it, he signals the exact location to a handler who can dispose of the bomb safely. According to a press release from PDSA, he "completely ignores any scrap metal lying around and is so much faster at finding landmines than people would be."
"He can search the area of a tennis court in 30 minutes, something that would take a human with a metal detector up to four days," the release continued. "On a daily basis, HeroRAT Magawa's work is life-saving and life-changing and has a direct impact on the men, women and children in the communities in which he works. For every landmine or unexploded remnant he finds, he eradicates the risk of death or serious injury in locations already suffering significant hardship."
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